The following courses are required for all biology majors and with the exception
of BIOL 221 and BIOL 222, taken during the sophomore year, and BIOL 497, taken in
the senior year, it is highly recommended that they be completed by the end of the
BIOL 150 Cell Biology (NS-L)
The structure and function of cells with emphasis on evolutionary principles,
basic biochemistry, and scientific epistemology. Laboratory course. This is a prerequisite
for all other biology courses.
BIOL 190 Botany
Survey of algae,
nonvascular, and vascular plants, with emphasis on the origin, structure,
development and physiology of flowering vascular plants. Laboratory course.
Prerequisite: BIOL 150.
BIOL 220 Zoology
A survey of the major phyla, classes, and orders of animals, with emphasis on
basic body plans and organization, development, phylogenetic relationships, and
the structure and function of representative organ systems. Laboratory course.
BIOL 221 Seminar: Biological Communication
Introduction to reading and writing skills in biological literature. This is
a non-credit seminar required for BIOL 497.
Prerequisite: BIOL 150.
BIOL 222 Seminar: Biometry
Introduction to basic statistical and experimental design techniques utilized
in the biological sciences. This is a non-credit seminar required for BIOL 497.
BIOL 150 and BIOL 221.
BIOL 250 Genetics
Fundamental principles of heredity, including both Mendelian and molecular genetics.
Emphasis is on those principles with the greatest implications to understanding
biological systems in general, and humans in particular. Laboratory course.
Prerequisite: BIOL 150 and sophomore standing, or consent of instructor.
BIOL 365 Ecology and Evolution
Study of biotic and abiotic interactions among organisms and the evolutionary
processes that have shaped life. Major topics include population and community interactions,
biomes, forces of genetic change, adaptation, conservation biology, and the geological
and biological history of the Earth. Laboratory course.
Prerequisite: BIOL 190
BIOL 497 Biology Seminar
Reviews of current literature and oral presentations by students based on library
or original research.
Prerequisite: Senior standing and completion of BIOL 221
and BIOL 222.
Only courses coded at the 300 or 400 level can be credited as electives for the degree requirements of the Biology Major.
BIOL 205 Anatomy and Physiology I (NS-L)
Focuses on the fundamental concepts and mechanisms that regulate important structural and functional properties of the human organ systems. This course is concerned with the normal function of the intact organism with an emphasis placed on musculoskeletal and neuroendocrine function. Laboratory course.
Prerequisites: BIOL 150 and CHEM 100 or equivalent or consent of instructor.
BIOL 215 Anatomy and Physiology II (NS-L)
Focuses on the fundamental concepts and mechanisms that regulate important structural and functional properties of the human organ systems. This course is concerned with the normal function of the intact organism with an emphasis placed on cardiorespiratory, digestive, renal, and reproductive function. Laboratory course.
Prerequisites: BIOL 150, CHEM 100, and BIOL 205 or equivalent or consent of instructor.
BIOL 235 Microbes and Human Health
An introduction to the biology of bacteria and viruses with a focus on microbes affecting human health. Laboratory course.
Prerequisites: BIOL 150 and CHEM 120. Co-requisite: BIOL 340-L Microbiology Lab.
BIOL 300 Comparative Animal Behavior (W2)
Study of the genetic, developmental, physiological, ecological, and evolutionary bases of adaptive behavior of animals, including humans. Particular emphasis is placed on how humans and other animals face various adaptive problems, like finding food, learning about their environment, avoiding predators, finding mates, caring for offspring, and getting along with others. In laboratory and classroom activities, students observe animal behavior in the laboratory and in the field, design experiments, collect data, conduct statistical analyses, write scientific papers, and present their findings. Laboratory course.
Prerequisite: BIOL 160 or PSYC 295. Cross-listed as PSYC 300.
BIOL 310 Developmental Biology (W2)
A survey of the development of a variety of animals with emphasis on the molecular
processes involved. The embryology of vertebrates is stressed. Laboratory course.
BIOL 320 Animal Physiology (W2)
Study of the mechanisms of homeostatic regulation in animals with an emphasis
on mammalian and other vertebrate organ systems. Laboratory course.
BIOL 150, CHEM 110, and at least sophomore standing.
BIOL 325 Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
A cellular and molecular biology approach to the study of the nervous system
with an emphasis on mammalian systems. Topics include neural signaling, sensation,
movement, development and plasticity, and complex brain functions. Laboratory course.
BIOL 330 Plant Systematics
Classification of vascular plants and current methods of phylogenetic inference.
Field collections emphasize the flora of Arkansas; laboratory analyses focus on
morphological features of plant families; and lectures address major themes in the
evolution of vascular plants.
Prerequisite: BIOL 190.
BIOL 335 Marine Biology (W2)
Studies of marine organisms and their environment, with a focus on barrier islands,
estuaries, mangroves, seagrass beds, or coral reefs, depending on the destination
of the research trip. To observe marine organisms and their environment, students
travel to a destination that is determined each year the course is taught. Possible
destinations include: the Gulf Coast Research Lab (GCRL) in Ocean Springs, MS, the
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary, and Calabash Caye Field Station in Belize.
This trip entails an additional cost to the student. Laboratory course.
BIOL 340 Microbiology
Biology of bacteria and viruses. Laboratory includes culturing, identification,
isolation from environment, and experimentation. Laboratory course.
BIOL 355 Advanced Cell Biology
An examination of current models of intracellular processes such as membrane
and cytoskeleton structure, compartmentalization, transport, signaling, and the
control of cell division. Emphasis on current research and theory. Laboratory course.
BIOL 360 Biology of Algae and Fungi (W2)
Comparative ecology, physiology, and morphology of algae and fungi. Laboratory
Prerequisite: BIOL 190.
BIOL 370 Plant Physiology (W2)
Study of the essential plant processes with emphasis on mineral nutrition, water
relations, photosynthesis, hormones, and the influence of external factors. Laboratory
Prerequisite: BIOL 190.
BIOL 430 Immunology (W2)
Principles of immunology with an emphasis on the role of experimentation in the
development of current immunological concepts. The laboratory includes experiments
to demonstrate principles and the use of immunological techniques for scientific
investigation. Laboratory course.
Prerequisites: junior or senior standing and
completion of BIOL 250 and one course in chemistry.
BIOL 440 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy
Phylogenetic relationships and anatomical systems of vertebrates with emphasis
on cartilaginous fishes and mammals. Laboratory course.
Prerequisite: BIOL 220.
BIOL 460 Evolution (W2)
The mechanisms of evolution, principles of population genetics, selection and
adaptation, and the history of life on Earth. Biological diversity and evolutionary
issues for conservation and medicine are also covered. Laboratory course.
BIOL 465 Molecular Evolution and Bioinformatics [UR]
Evolutionary processes acting at the molecular level, and the utilization of
molecular patterns to reconstruct the evolutionary history of genes, genomes, populations
and species. The laboratory focuses on using sequence data to complete an intensive
semester-long research project in phylogenetics, protein structure and function
modeling or other bioinformatics topics. Laboratory course.
BIOL 470 Advanced Genetics
Current research and paradigms in molecular genetics with emphasis on adaptive
and developmental gene regulation, molecular evolution, manipulation for gene engineering,
genomics, proteomics, and their implications. Laboratory course.
BIOL 480 Field Ecology (W2)[GA]
Studies of ecological patterns and processes in Arkansas ecosystems followed
by comparative studies in non-Arkansas field sites. Comparative field study sites
alternate each year between Costa Rica and a US ecosystem such as the American Southwest
or the Everglades. These comparative field studies entail an additional cost to
the student. Laboratory course.
Prerequisite: BIOL 365.
BIOL 490 Advanced Topics
Texts, review papers, and or original literature are used to provide extended
or integrated coverage of selected areas of biology.
Prerequisite: junior or
senior standing; check course announcements for specific prerequisites.
BIOL X99 Independent Research [UR]
Original research using scientific methodology of hypothesis testing, data collection,
and analysis. Requirements include a formal research proposal, a final written report
in conventional scientific format, and an oral presentation. Students must select
a biology faculty member to oversee and evaluate the study. Specific requirements
and options (such as off-campus projects or summer research) can be obtained from
the Biology Department. This credit does not count toward the four electives required
for a major.
Prerequisite: junior or senior standing and consent of department.